Tea and Pesticides part 2: What pests and disease? Which pesticides are used?

3. What pests and pesticides?

The following is a list of typical pests and recommended pesticides in major tea producing area in Japan.  This is just to show tea has lots of pest problems.  Some minor pests are not even mentioned here to keep it simple.  The pesticides are used to prevent pest damage from happening.

The types of pesticides used may be replaced with pheromone traps, BT, bordeaux mixture, and organic pesticides that are derived from natural source and has less environmental impact, but typically result in higher cost.  Some lab testing claim that the pesticides recommended below have less human and environmental health impact from pesticide residue.  Some developing countries may not have regulations restricting use of more toxic chemicals.

To identify pests and disease, please see UH CTAHR disease ID page

  • Insect pests (http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/IP-28.pdf)
  • Disease (http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/PD-33.pdf)

Most pests and disease require specific pesticides.  More than one pesticide is used to avoid pests acquiring pesticide resistance.

Month Pests / Disease Preventative Pesticide uses
Feburary Blight (disease) Copper dihydroxide x1
March Spider mite, Leaf roller* (insect pests)

Beetle (insect pests)

Etoxazole x1

x1

1st Flush Aphid (insect pests) Pirimiphosmethyl x1
April (after 1st flush harvest) Spider mite (insect pests)

Leaf roller (insect pests)

Scale* (insect pests)

Milbemectin x2

Tebufenozide x2

DMTP x1

May (before 2nd flush harvest) Leaf hopper, Leaf roller, Thrips,  (insect pests)

beetle*  (insect pests)

Anthracnose (disease)

Neonicotinoid x1

Tefluthrin  x1

Tebuconazole x1

May (after 2nd flush harvest) Leaf hopper, Leaf roller, Thrips (insect pests) Bifenthrin x2
June (before 3rd flush harvest) Leaf hopper, Thrips (insect pests)

Anthracnose (disease)

Acephate x2

Fluazinam x1

July (before 3rd flush harvest) Leaf hopper, Thrips, leaf roller (insect pests)

Anthracnose (disease)

Acetamiprid x1

Fenbuconazole x2

August (before 3rd flush harvest) Leaf roller, Looper,  (insect pests)

Leaf hopper, Thrips (insect pests)

Methoxyfenozide x2

Chlorfenapyr x2

September Leaf hopper, Thrips, Broad mite, Rust mite,  (insect pests)

Leaf roller, Moth larvae, Looper,  (insect pests)

Scale (insect pests)

Tolfenpyrad x1

Emamectin benzoate x1

October (after fall harvest) Leaf Roller, Spider mite, (insect pests)

Blight (disease)

Profenofos x1

Copper dihydroxide

November-December Beetle (insect pests)

Gray mold (disease)

Fenitrothion x1

Fluazinam x1

*sprayed as necessary.

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